Anxiety Disorders and Their Treatment
The uncomfortable sensation that comes with a strange dog’s growl is the body’s first line of protection against potential harm, according to researchers. However, for 40 million Americans each year, the usual pain and concern that most people experience in regular, unpleasant circumstances crosses a threshold and becomes an overwhelming sense of foreboding that won’t let them rest until the problem has been rectified. Unease develops into a persistent, uncontrolled fear, which eventually develops into a condition that need medical intervention.
Anxiety Disorders: What They Are and How They Can Be Treated
It is common for the severe symptoms of anxiety disorders to be misdiagnosed as medical illnesses, making it difficult for doctors to make accurate diagnosis. Symptoms of depression and anxiety disorder are commonly present in the same person, and the two conditions can coexist. A comprehensive patient checkup aids in the elimination of any potential medical issues. Once a problem has been isolated and recognized, it may be treated with medication, mental therapy, or a mix of traditional and alternative therapies, among other options.
When it comes to the six primary mental health problems known as anxiety disorders, excessive worry and underlying discomfort that interferes with normal life are common characteristics. GAD and panic disorder are two types of anxiety disorders. Other types include phobias, OCD, social anxiety, and post-traumatic stress disorder are also present. Patient-to-patient variability necessitates individualization of treatment to meet the particular demands of every patient. Treatment that is successful is usually completed in a very short amount of time, usually within 24 hours.
Medications for the Treatment of Anxiety
However, while drugs are frequently used in conjunction with therapy and, on occasion, complementary or alternative forms of treatment, medications can also be used on their own, depending on the patient’s condition and treatment preferences. Drugs prescribed for anxiety disorder therapy are not intended to be a cure; rather, they might be used by the patient to manage the illness in certain situations or to keep it under control while receiving concurrent behavioral treatment.
When medicine is recommended for the treatment of anxiety, doctors must first rule out any possible contributory factors of the anxiety that might interfere with the medication’s ability to work well. Because patients suffering from anxiety disorders are frequently also suffering from depression or drug misuse, a doctor may recommend that they receive separate therapy for these specific problems before beginning any anxiety treatments.
Anxiety medications are already available.
According to the severity and frequency of the symptoms of anxiety disorder, a doctor may prescribe medications from one of three categories: antidepressants, beta-blockers, and anti-anxiety drugs. Antidepressants are the most commonly prescribed medications. Antidepressants are particularly helpful in the treatment of individuals whose anxiety diagnosis includes depression as well as other symptoms of depression. One class of antidepressants administered is selective serotonin uptake reinhibitors (SSRIs), which are drugs that help the brain’s neurotransmitters communicate more effectively. Other antidepressants include tricyclics and monoamine oxidase inhibitors, sometimes known as MAOIs, which are trustworthy older antidepressants.
The usage of anti-anxiety medications known as benzodiazepines may be prescribed, especially for people who have a dual diagnosis of drug and alcohol addiction. Because the benzodiazepines Clonazapam and Buspirone have the potential to become habit-forming, they should only be used for brief periods of time. When it comes to anxiety, beta-blockers such as propranolol, which are also used to treat heart problems, are most commonly recommended in low dosages to avoid the physical rather than emotional symptoms associated with anxiety.
When Medications for Anxiety Treatment are Employed
Depending on the type of anxiety condition that has been identified, a patient may only require anxiety medication during specific anxiety-producing events. An example might be a person who suffers from anxiety and is terrified of flying. In such situation, a patient would just require a prescription medication before being able to board a plane to travel. Another option is to advise the patient to continue taking medication to assist control continuing anxiety symptoms during the duration of a companion psychosocial therapy. Longer prescriptions are typically required for anxiety disorders such as generalized anxiety and obsessive compulsive disorder. Because certain anxiety therapy medicines have the potential to be addictive and to have undesirable side effects, most are only given for short-term usage in the treatment of anxiety.
Psychiatry is used to treat anxiety disorders.
When treating anxiety, medications are commonly used in conjunction with psychotherapy to improve the success of the treatment. Psychotherapy, which is carried out with the assistance of a mental health professional and is frequently referred to as talk therapy, is used to urge a patient to reflect on the past in order to determine the underlying cause of an anxiety problem in the present. This form of therapy can be beneficial for anxiety sufferers who have difficulty connecting their anxiety condition to specific events in their lives that may have started the disease.
CBT, also known as Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy, is another kind of psychiatric anxiety treatment. CBT goes beyond identifying the source of an anxiety problem and advances in the direction of assisting a patient in changing habits or behaviors that are associated with his anxieties. The intensity of anxiety symptoms can be reduced, if not eliminated, over time by changing the way a patient thinks about and responds to his or her fears.
A patient may be advised to address his or her fear directly in a secure and supervised setting as part of the process of anxiety therapy in Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy. Patients learn to feel more comfortable and have greater control over their responses as the amount of exposure to the item or scenario they are most afraid of increases throughout cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) anxiety treatment.
Alternatives to Anti-Anxiety Medication
The most commonly accepted forms of anxiety treatment are therapy and medication, but doctors and psychiatrists have lately begun to examine complementary and alternative anxiety therapies to further improve the chances of a successful treatment outcome. The alternatives provide novel therapy choices for anxiety, some of which are in the direct control of the patient, and some of which are not.
When used in conjunction with the anxiety therapies that have previously been given, a patient may be instructed to begin a strenuous exercise regimen. Exercise on a regular basis helps to naturally release endorphins, hormones that have a good effect on emotions and aid in the production of a sense of well-being. Anxiety disorder patients may also be taught different breathing methods, which they could learn through yoga sessions, which would assist to balance the patient’s reactions to anxiety. Anxiety treatments such as hypnosis and biofeedback are also regarded to be complementary therapies.
Treatment for Anxiety as a Possible Solution
Although not all anxiety disorders manifest themselves in the same way, all anxiety symptoms are a reaction to the same sensations of dread and trepidation that anxiety patients experience. The most effective anxiety treatment program is one in which the anxiety problem is accurately and swiftly identified, followed by the appropriate anxiety treatment, which may include medication, counseling, alternative treatments, or a successful combination of all three methods.